Reinforced stone masonry
Stone masonry is heavy, rarely uniform and definitely not the ideal building material for earthquake-prone areas.
Yet, thick stone walls do have other advantages: They are locally available, might offer a warmer internal climate during cold winters and "they are better against Kalashnikov bullets" as one farmer put it in some wilder parts of the world.
Stone masonry has been used for millennia, including in earthquake zones. The Incas are